Texas: Ancient Weapons Pre-Dating Clovis People Discovered at Buttermilk Creek

The South Texas Plains, especially the area south and west of the Nueces River within the Rio Grande drainage basin, had a long tradition of unstemmed dart and arrow point styles. These are relatively easily made symmetrical stone tool forms ranging from triangular to tear-drop-shaped to leaf-shaped or bi-pointed in outline shape. The unstemmed point tradition is also characteristic of adjacent northeastern Mexico. Such points were made for well over 6, years from at least 7, years ago B. This distinctive, long-lived pattern, however, poses challenges to archeological interpretation and unanswered research questions. In most regions of Texas projectile point types and other specific stone tool forms as well as ceramic vessel types, are used as time markers and as expressions of particular cultures and geographic areas. Projectile points are particularly useful in this regard because these were made in many slightly or markedly different variations and these changed through time. Many of the differences are the result of using notching and shaping techniques to create stemmed and barbed dart and arrow points. As a group, these stemmed points have much more stylistic variability than do unstemmed points.

Library Record

Complete arrowheads are an extremely rare find. Looking for any artifacts left by Native American people requires a combination of great patience, a keen eye, a working knowledge of the law, a measure of charm – permission must be sought and gained to enter private property – and an understanding of all the factors that maximize the chances of success. A great place to start, with its rich Native American history is in East Texas.

brief mimeographed article enttled “Indian Arrowheads” in the Department of encompasses specimens dating around A.D. from Central Texas into East.

Primarily dating from to , the collection comprises objects dating from possibly to as well as fossilized items that are likely from the Cretaceous Period and arrowheads that may date as early as BCE to CE. This wide assortment of artifacts helps document in material form the lives of those who have resided in Texas over the centuries, from the prehistoric and Pre-Columbian eras to the time that Texas has existed as a colony, republic, and state.

Digital images of these artifacts are part of the Texas Digital Archive. Quantity: Location: Please note that a portion of these materials are stored at the State Records Center. Language: These materials include writing that is predominately in English with scattered Spanish, French, German, Dutch, Italian, and Latin throughout. Click here to enter the records. The Artifacts collection at the Texas State Archives is an artificial collection consisting of approximately three-dimensional objects related to Texas history.

The types of artifacts fall into two broad categories.

Buttermilk Creek Complex

Absolute Dating — a method of dating archaeological materials in which scientific tests are performed directly on an artifact that can be used to determine the time period during which the artifact was made or used. Analytical Unit AU — a discrete, intact deposit of sediment that represents a recognizable period in the occupational history of a site. Antler Billet — a tool made from deer or antelope antler used to apply a moderate amount of percussive force to a large flake in order to remove smaller thinning flakes.

The earliest known are Solutrean points of the Upper Palaeolithic. Arrowheads are often the only evidence of archery since the arrow shaft and bow rarely survive.

Archaeologists in Texas thought they’d made an important discovery in the s​, when they unearthed a trove of stone tools dating back.

Identify Your Arrowheads – Preserve History Help Fund Archaelogical Analysis Borderland Archaeology needs funds to pay for the analysis of materials collected in excavations and for the publishing of the results of that analysis. You can help with GoFundMe. Read about one of the last bison before European contact. Burnet County Bison – “Rockie” DNA work is being done on her to learn how modern bison have changed from hybridization. Do you have an Indian site on your land? Are you finding arrowheads, and want to learn more?

Do you have arrowheads passed down from your grandparents, and want to know more?

Artifacts Collection

Many years ago when all fluted points were called Folsom, before archaeologists began to identify other forms, the literature available to the collector was sparse at best. Over the past 70 plus years, archaeologists and knowledgeable collectors continued to discover and identify new arrowhead types. These new types are continually updated with each new edition of the Overstreet book.

A collection of 6 arrowheads from Titus county Texas in a glass richer frame. A great assortment of types dating back years. Material are also a good variety.

In San Antonio, people can find several displays featuring these points. Spears were the most predominantly used weapon with the indigenous San Antonio people for 10, years, according to Texas archaeologist Harry Shafer. Shafer has researched and excavated the area for more than 50 years and is a curator with the Witte Museum. When someone finds what is popularly called an arrowhead, they are most likely not looking at the triangular piece at the end of an arrow, which were only used for 1, years.

Most relics are spear points, ranging from an inch and a half to 5 inches in length. And while some may find points that were thrown during a hunt for white-tailed deer, one of the most hunted animals in Bexar County, or during a battle, the majority of the ones found are left behind from failed attempts at creating a point. Those usually look uneven and unfinished. Notable types of points in the area include the 3-inch-long Clovis points, made from B.

The points were often attached to spears that were thrown with an atlatl, a throwing stick that propelled the spear. According to projectilepoints. Texas is the home of the oldest dated Clovis point, according to the Smithsonian website, smithsonianmag. Bell points are found in central Texas, particularly in Bell County north of Austin.

Arrowheads and Other Points: Myths and Little Known Facts

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Primarily dating from to , the collection comprises objects dating the Cretaceous Period and arrowheads that may date as early as BCE to.

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If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Useful for academic and recreational archaeologists alike, this book identifies and describes over projectile points and stone tools used by prehistoric Native American Indians in Texas. This third edition boasts twice as many illustrations—all drawn from actual specimens—and still includes charts, geographic distribution maps and reliable age-dating information.

Identify Your Arrowheads – Preserve History

But then, years later, they made an even more powerful find in the same place — another layer of artifacts that were older still. About a half-hour north of Austin and a meter deep in water-logged silty clay, researchers have uncovered evidence of human occupation dating back as much as 16, years, including fragments of human teeth and more than 90 stone tools. In addition to being some of the oldest yet found in the American West, the artifacts are rare traces of a culture that predated the culture known as Clovis , whose distinctively shaped stone tools found across North America have consistently been dated to about 13, years ago.

The pre-Clovis artifacts include more than 90 stone tools, such as bifaces and blades, and more than , flakes left over from the point-making process. But, along with a handful of other pre- Clovis finds, the Texas tools add to the mounting evidence that humans arrived on the continent longer ago than was once thought, said Dr. It was those finds that Wernecke and his colleagues went to investigate further, when they began working at the Gault site in

Image of Digging into South Texas Prehistory. Image of Artifact archaic period · arrow points · arrowheads · artifacts dating techniques · Devil’s mouth site.

Page 1. We are Working on Adding more Items to this Page. Hardin Pt. Charles CO. Oval Ended Blade B. Hardin Point – B. Buzzard Roost Creek Pt. Benton Point B. Hamilton Triangluar A. Scottsbluff Point – B. Louis CO. Mayan “Bi-Pointed Blade” B. Louis Co.

How to Identify Ancient stone Indian artifacts through pecking and grinding


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